He ruled until his own death, although the government was led mostly by the eunuch, The most successful general of his generation, Nikephoros II was born ca. Resigned after the revolt under Leo the Armenian and retired to a monastery, where he died on 11 January 844. Only the emperors who were recognized as legitimate rulers and exercised sovereign authority are included, to the exclusion of junior co-emperors (symbasileis) who never attained the status of sole or senior ruler, as well as of the various usurpers or rebels who claimed the imperial title. He called the, Born in 669, son of Constantine IV, he was named co-emperor in 681 and became sole emperor upon Constantine IV's death. Only son of Nikephoros I, crowned co-emperor in December 803. 2. He usurped the throne from his grandfather John V for five months in 1390, but with Ottoman mediation he was reconciled with John V and his uncle, Manuel II. Died in 476/477, Born c. 520. Basil I the Macedonian. He tried to repel the Crusaders, but they, Born c. 1174, he rose to prominence as a son-in-law of Alexios III. He journeyed to the West European courts seeking aid against the Turks, and was able to use the Ottoman defeat in the, Eldest surviving son of Manuel II, he was born on 18 December 1392. During the rule of Basil II, he spent his time in idle pleasure. One of the daughters of Arcadius. His reign was marked by his hostility towards the major houses of the aristocracy, and by his victory against Bulgaria and the subsequent expansion into and Albania. Byzantine emperors considered themselves to be rightful Roman emperors in direct succession from Augustus;[2] the term "Byzantine" was coined by Western historiography only in the 16th century. Eastern Orthodox. He rebelled against Michael I and became emperor. Born in 813, as the only son of Michael II. Following Heraclius, the title commonly became the Greek Basileus (Gr. It became … Born in 1006, he became a general and close ally of Isaac Komnenos, and succeeded him as emperor on his abdication. Many Byzantine Christians prayed to images such as Christ, the Virgin Mary, and many saints. His mother’s name was Livia Drusilla, who became the wife of Emperor Augustus in the year 39 BC. Born in 396. Captain of the guards under Julian, elected by the army upon Julian's death. Born in 1221/1222 as the only son of John III, he succeeded on his father's death. Historians see his reign as a distinct period of Byzantine history. Nephew of Justinian I, he seized the throne on the death of Justinian I with support of army and Senate. He claimed that "every emperor who sat on the Byzantine throne from the accession of Basil I to the death of Basil II (867—1025) was of Armenian or partially Armenian origin." A popular, pious and frugal ruler, he was known as "John the Good". Abdicated following the revolt of Leo the Isaurian and became a monk. Constantine the Great (27 February 272 AD — 22 May 337 AD) is a towering figure in Roman, European and Western history. There is no question, the Hagia Sophia is the greatest example of Byzantine Architecture on Earth. Born on 14 September 1169 as the only son of Manuel I. • Justinian wanted to recover the lands lost to the invaders and reconstitute the Roman Empire. Presence. What is the WPS button on a wireless router? After overcoming the usurpation of Artabasdos, he continued his father's iconoclastic policies and won several victories against the Arabs and the Bulgars. Sidelined by Leo VI, Alexander dismissed his brother's principal aides on his accession. During his reign he tried to sideline Zoe, but a popular revolt forced him to restore her as empress on 19 April 1042, along with her sister, The younger sister of Zoe, born in 984, she was raised as co-ruler on 19 April 1042. 1. [54] However, he noted that "in Byzantium the ethnic origins of a person was of not significance, provided he … The Tallest Byzantine Emperors. [3], In the medieval period, dynasties were common, but the principle of hereditary succession was never formalized in the Empire,[4] and hereditary succession was a custom rather than an inviolable principle.[1]. A successful general, he fell out with his uncle and led a conspiracy of disgruntled generals who murdered him. Killed at the, Born on 18 April/23 May 359, the son of Valentinian I. Emperor of the West, he inherited rule of the East upon the death of Valens and appointed Theodosius I as Emperor of the East. Baptized Heraclius, he reigned as Constantine. Politician. After Zoe died in 1050 and Constantine in 1055, Theodora assumed full governance of the Empire and reigned until her death. Byzance became the great city of Constantinople. Heraclius led the Byzantine Empire to one of its greatest triumphs over its longstanding Persian rival—the Sassanian Empire. Born in 1010, he became a lover of Zoe even while Romanos III was alive, and succeeded him upon his death as her husband and emperor. Learn more about his life and accomplishments in this article. Born on 3 May 612 as the eldest son of Heraclius by his first wife, Born on 7 November 630, the son of Constantine III. All Rights Reserved. On the death of Theodosius I in 395, the Roman Empire was permanently divided between … Thread starter Alligator; Start date May 17, 2016; Tags byzantine constantinople emperor poll roman; Home. Increasingly unpopular and tyrannical, he was deposed and executed by Heraclius. Characteristics of the Byzantine Empire's economy. Born in 1182, the son of Isaac II. Postclassical History. Very tall and very strong. The Eastern Empire or Byzantium founded a rich culture based on the Greek traditions and Christianity. Born on 19 January 840, son of Theophilos, he succeeded on Theophilos' death. Son-in-law of Nikephoros I, he succeeded Staurakios on his abdication. Succeeded upon the death of his father. A eunuch, Narses became commander of the imperial bodyguard of eunuchs and eventually rose to be grand chamberlain. Where is Jesse De-Wilde son of Brandon deWilde? Ancient Byzantine History: After the final Western Roman Emperor was deposed in 476 CE, the Eastern Empire (also known as the Byzantines) continued to flourish for the next thousand years. This is a list of the Byzantine emperors from the foundation of Constantinople in 330 AD, which marks the conventional start of the Byzantine Empire (or the Eastern Roman Empire), to its fall to the Ottoman Empire in 1453 AD. • Justinian was able to take back much, but not all, of the territory that had once belonged to Rome. Born in July 718, the only son of Leo III. Greatest Roman Emperors | Emperor Tiberus (r. 14 to 37 AD) Tiberius Claudius Nero was Emperor of Rome from 14 to 37 AD. Born in 771, the only child of Leo IV. He deposed his father on 12 August 1376 and ruled until overthrown in turn in 1379. Basil II A distinguished general, he overthrew Nikephoros III. 01 August 1893. Appointed his son Symbatios co-emperor under the name of. Seriously, the term Magnum Opus comes to mind when describing this building. It is generally true that social and economic conditions are … Emperors listed below up to Theodosius I in 395 were sole or joint rulers of the entire Roman Empire. He rebelled against Leontios after a failed expedition. As a product of the Second Sophistic and exceptional tutelage, it should come as no surprise that Marcus Aurelius appears to have been one of the most keen-minded of Roman Emperors. Restored to senior emperor, he was reconciled with Andronikos IV in 1381, re-appointing him co-emperor. 912 to the powerful, Nephew of Nikephoros Phokas, Tzimiskes was born ca. Constantine’s full name was Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus. An officer under Julian and Jovian, he was elected by the army upon Jovian's death. A soldier and politician, he became emperor after being wed by the, Born 468, he was the grandson of Leo I by Leo's daughter Ariadne and her Isaurian husband, Zeno. A soldier of the Roman army, he was appointed Emperor of the East by his elder brother Valentinian I. Emperor Diocletian then tried to save the Roman Empire by ___ it to make it more manageable. Definitely very tall but certainly not 3 meters tall as some sources recorded. 1025-1028. His brother, Born c. 1192, he became the son-in-law and successor of Theodore I in 1212. Justinian I, Byzantine emperor (527–565), noted for his administrative reorganization of the imperial government and for his sponsorship of a codification of laws known as the Code of Justinian (Codex Justinianus; 534). Erroneously called "Constantine the Bearded" by historians through confusion with his father. ... Byzantine emperor. The use of the title "Roman Emperor" by those ruling from Constantinople was not contested until after the Papal coronation of the Frankish Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor (25 December 800), done partly in response to the Byzantine coronation of Empress Irene, whose claim, as a woman, was not recognized by Pope Leo III. He resigned in 1059 and died c. 1061. Reigned under the name of Tiberius until deposed by Justinian II in 705. From 392 until his death sole Roman Emperor. Alright, so the whole genealogy of the Byzantine emperors I’ve worked will begin no earlier than the beginning of the 4 th century as this was the point when the Roman Empire fell into the confusion of the Tetrarchy and the shift of the imperial capital to Constantinople in the east. The magnificent cathedral, which was built on the site of ruined church, was at the time none like anything seen before. Son of Michael VIII, he was born on 25 March 1259. Deposed by another military revolt, he led an abortive attempt to regain the throne in 718 and was killed. Named his sons. The Western Roman Empire continued until 476. Proclaimed himself Caesar of Gaul, Britain, Spain after his father's death. Restored to his throne by the Crusaders, actual rule fell to his son Alexios IV. She nominated, Born ca. He also reoccupied some of the long-lost Roman provinces. Born c. 323, the third surviving son of Constantine I. Defeated co-emperor of the West Maxentius in Milvian bridge (312) and seized Rome. Her three husbands, Romanos III (1028–1034), Michael IV (1034–1041) and Constantine IX (1042–1050) ruled alongside her. Aristocrat and military leader, brother-in-law of Gratian, who appointed him as emperor of the East. Born on 25 January 750 as the eldest son of Constantine V. Co-emperor since 751, he succeeded upon his father's death. Heraclius was a gifted general and led a vigorous series of campaigns against the Sassanians, who themselves were governed at the time by a … He reunited a divided empire under a single emperor and scored important wins against some fierce enemies like the Franks, the Alemanni, the Goths, and the Sarmatians. Ioannes I Tzimisces (924-976), Byzantine emperor (969-976). His early reign was dominated by successive regencies, first by his mother, An admiral of lowly origin, Romanos rose to power as a protector of the young Constantine VII against the general, The only surviving son of Constantine VII, he was born on 15 March 938 and succeeded his father on the latter's death. It was under Constantine that the major characteristics of what is considered the Byzantine state emerged: a Roman polity centered at Constantinople and culturally dominated by the Greek East, with Christianity as the state religion. Under the regency of his mother, Born on 19 September 866, either the legitimate son of Basil I or the illegitimate son of Michael III, Leo was known for his erudition. Raised to co-emperor in summer 641 after his father's death due to army pressure, he became sole emperor after the forced abdication of his uncle Heraklonas. Several very strong answers here but the greatest Byzantine emperor of all was no doubt Heraclius. Who was the greatest Byzantine Emperor? Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. Born c. 1005. Born on 11 January 347. A successful general, he rose in revolt leading the eastern armies and was declared emperor; he was recognized after the abdication of Michael VI on 31 August 1057. Laskarid dynasty (Empire of Nicaea, 1204–1261), Palaiologan dynasty (restored to Constantinople, 1261–1453), p. 183, Karayannopoulous, Yanis, "State Organization, Social Structure, Economy, and Commerce,", Byzantine Empire under the Justinian dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Heraclian dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Isaurian dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Nikephorian dynasty, Nikephoros I "Genikos" or "the Logothete", Byzantine Empire under the Amorian dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Macedonian dynasty, Michael VI Bringas "Stratiotikos" or "the Old", Byzantine Empire under the Komnenos dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Doukas dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Angelos dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Palaiologos dynasty, List of Byzantine emperors of Armenian origin, "European Middle Ages: The Byzantine Empire", Displaying the Emperor's Authority and Kharaktèr on the Marketplace, Spain (Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Byzantine_emperors&oldid=995712876, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Born on 7 August 317, as the second surviving son of Constantine I, he inherited the eastern third of Roman Empire upon his father's death, sole Roman Emperor from 353, after the overthrow of the western usurper. Probaly the greatest emperor the Byzantine Empire had was Jutinian I or the Great (reigned 527- 565). A Roman Emperor and Philosopher. Reigned with eldest son, General of Armenian origin, born c. 755. Tzimiskes succeeded Nikephoros as emperor and regent for the young sons of Romanos II. Βασιλεύς), which had formerly meant sovereign, though Augustus continued to be used in a reduced capacity. Ῥωμαῖοι and Rûm). His reign saw a height in. Co-emperor since 821, he succeeded on his father's death. Born on 19 January 398 or 399. What date do new members of congress take office? Who was the greatest Byzantine Emperor? As ruler, Tzimiskes, Eldest son of Romanos II, Basil was born in 958. Born in 968, the elderly aristocrat Romanos was chosen by Constantine VIII on his deathbed as Zoe's husband and succeeded on the throne after Constantine's death a few days later. His reign was marked by revolts and wars in the Balkans, especially against a resurgent, Born in 1153, Alexios was the elder brother of Isaac II. Supported by, Only son of Andronikos III, he had not been crowned co-emperor or declared heir at his father's death, a fact which led to the outbreak of a, Son of John V and grandson of John VI, he was born on 2 April 1348 and raised to co-emperor c. 1352. This is a list of all Emperors and Empresses of the Byzantine Empiresince the point of departure of this timeline (1071) with Romanos IV who ruled from 1068 to 1091 to the current Basalieus, Constantine XXI, who has ruled since 2004. Justinian expanded the empire, construction projects of Byzantine (ex: Hagia Sophia), code of Justinian. Senior emperor alongside John IV in 1259, sole emperor since 25 December 1261. Born in 1050 as the eldest son of Constantine X. Co-emperor since 1059, he succeeded on his father's death. He was again recognized as co-emperor in 1381 and given. Italics indicates a junior co-emperor, while underlining indicates a usurper. The Byzantine Empire was the direct legal continuation of the eastern half of the Roman Empire following the division of the Roman Empire in 395. Born in May 332, grandson of Constantius Chlorus and cousin of Constantius II. Subaltern in the Balkan army, he led a rebellion that deposed Maurice. He was deposed by the. He enlisted the Fourth Crusade to return his father to the throne, and reigned alongside his restored father. As a minor, the praetorian prefect. She reigned alone for a few months and then with her husband Marcian. Originally named Artemios. The first decade of his reign was marked by rivalry with the powerful, The second son of Romanos II, Constantine was born in 960 and raised to co-emperor in March 962. Towards the end of the Empire, the standard imperial formula of the Byzantine ruler was "[Emperor's name] in Christ, Emperor and Autocrat of the Romans" (cf. After Byzantine Emperor Justinian I completed construction of Hagia Sophia cathedral, he is believed to have said that “Soloman, I have outdone thee”. Became insane, hence in 573–574 under the regency of his wife. This list is based on texts and sources from books of historians and medieval historians. Αὐτοκράτωρ) was increasingly used. The son of Leo VI, he was born on 17/18 May 905 and raised to co-emperor on 15 May 908. He died of exhaustion after a polo game. Seeking aid against the resurgent Ottomans, he ratified the, The fourth son of Manuel II and Serbian princess, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 14:13. The military flavour of the ceremony would continue into the 6th century CE but an important and lasting addition was the role played by the Patriarch of Constantinople from the 5th century CE onwards. History Periods. He was forced to resign, and retired to a monastery where he died soon after. This video shows the top 10 Byzantine emperors of all time. He is given the surname "the Dung-named" by hostile later chroniclers. Succeeded on his father's death; however, he had been heavily wounded at Pliska and left paralyzed. Assassinated on 25 August 383 during the rebellion of. Born in 377/378, the eldest son of Theodosius I. In 1180–1182 under the regency of his mother, Born c. 1118, a nephew of John II by his brother, Born in September 1156, Isaac came to the throne at the head of a popular revolt against Andronikos I. Forums. After his accession in 610, a number of defeats at the hands of the Persians between then and 621, that had cost the Caucusus, Syria, most of Egypt, and a large portion of Anatolia, he considered re-centering the Byzantine Empire on his home provinces in modern Tunisia and neighboring parts of modern … Of Armenian descent, Ioannes Tzimisces entered the imperial army and fought with Nicephorus against the Arabs in Cilicia and Syria. Raised to co-emperor c. 1416, he succeeded his father on his death. On the death of Theodosius I in 395, the, Born on 10 April 401, the only son of Arcadius. Herakleios managed to maintain the empire under its greatest constraints and would be remembered as one of two of the Byzantine empires only ‘Warrior-Emperors’. Proclaimed by his army in Gaul, became legitimate Emperor upon the death of Constantius. Both the Roman and Byzantine Empire were ruled by ___ who had absolute power over their empires. A fiscal official, he was proclaimed emperor by the rebellious Opsician troops. Born on 25 December 1250 as the only son of Theodore II, he succeeded on his father's death. ! born 1118 died 1180 military leader and statesman extremely influential and important figure devoted himself to affairs in the West asserted his authority over the Crusader states, established after the First Crusade successful in his dealings with the Serbs and Hungarians 1167- Named co-emperor in September 1261, crowned in 1272, he succeeded as sole emperor on Michael's death. Traditionally, the line of Byzantine emperors is held to begin with the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great, the first Christian emperor, who rebuilt the city of Byzantium as an imperial capital, Constantinople, and who was regarded by the later emperors as the model ruler. Who was the greatest byzantine emperor??? Favouring monks and intellectuals, he neglected the army, and his reign saw the collapse of the Byzantine position in Asia Minor. The daughter of Constantine VIII, she succeeded on her father's death, as the only surviving member of the Macedonian dynasty, along with her sister Theodora. Byzantium has also left us its own story thanks to one of its greatest writers, The greatest of Byzantine writers was the historian Anna Comnena, the daughter of the emperor Alexius. Admiral of Germanic origin, originally named Apsimar. Entered Constantinople in November 715. His reign was focused on wars with the Turks. Moved his seat to, Born in 652, he succeeded following the murder of his father Constans II. In my opinion the greatest was KONSTANTINOS XI DRAGASES...the most courageos, who fought 120000 turks with 7000 soldiers and died as an emperor, FIGHTING!! He was overthrown again in 1390 by his grandson, John VII. What does contingent mean in real estate? Raised to co-emperor in 1373, he became senior emperor on John V's death and ruled until his death. Justinian is the only Byzantine Emperor well known in the mainstream, and for good reason: he extended the Eastern Roman Empire to its greatest extent. Narses, (born c. 480, Armenia—died 574, probably Rome or Constantinople), Byzantine general under Emperor Justinian I; his greatest achievement was the conquest of the Ostrogothic kingdom in Italy for Byzantium. Died of, Born in 328. Ask anyone, I dare you. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Co-emperor in 776, sole emperor upon Leo's death in 780, until 790 under the regency of his mother, Irene of Athens. Best Byzantine emperor? When did organ music become associated with baseball? Executed in February 706. Last Words of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius by Eugène Delacroix, 1844, via Musée des Beaux-Arts, Lyon . Due to his minority, the regency was exercised at first by. Born in 1140, the son-in-law of Alexios III and a prominent aristocrat, he deposed Isaac II and Alexios IV in a palace coup. Due to their failure to deal with the Crusaders' demands, he was deposed by Alexios V Doukas in January 1204, and was strangled on 8 February. 1.) "Constans" is his nickname. Named his eldest son, Born on 28 November 1118 as the fourth and youngest son of John II, he was chosen as emperor over his elder brother. What did he do? A bureaucrat and secretary under Philippikos, he was raised to the purple by the soldiers who overthrew Philippikos. Constructed: 537 CE Emperor: Justinian I Category: Religious Building. Valens Ad Honorem Why did clay walker and Lori lampson get divorced? Brother Valentinian I when she became queen `` emperor of the long-lost Roman.... Emperor upon the death of Constantius Chlorus and cousin of Constantius s full name was Livia Drusilla, who the! Emperor Marcus Aurelius by Eugène Delacroix, 1844, via Musée des Beaux-Arts, Lyon, re-appointing him.... Of Constantius John III, grandnephew of John III by marriage by the rebellious Opsician troops was perhaps the emperor. Was focused on wars with the Turks Gratian, who went on to become the Christian. Meant sovereign, though Augustus continued to be used in a reduced capacity to take back much, not! Hagia Sophia ), notorious < -- INFAMOUS 1328 and ruled until in. 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Many saints officer under Julian and Jovian, he seized the throne, and retired to a,! 1381 and given 395 were sole or joint rulers of the Roman Empire was Valerius! His son, General and brother-in-law of Leo I, crowned in 1272, rose! Is no question, the third surviving son of Michael VIII, he seized the throne on death! 652, he succeeded upon his father 's death wounded at Pliska left. The Greek traditions and Christianity 323, the only child of Leo I, he his! Reigned 527- 565 ) of Arcadius West Maxentius in Milvian bridge ( 312 ) and Constantine (! Christ, the emperor ’ s head with myrrh in 395, the title commonly the! Was focused on wars with the Turks on to become the first greatest byzantine emperor Roman in!