control legislation is characterizing a dog as vi-cious, or in some way restricting ownership of a breed, on the basis of breed description alone. Why Breed Specific Legislation Against Pit Bulls Should Tick You Off—Even if You Don’t Own a Pit. The ban was scheduled to go into effect in January. rather than the specific traits of a breed. Some say, "do nothing at all." However, across the country, ownership of dogs that match these vague physical characteristics are being banned – regardless of their parentage. The ASPCA , The HSUS and the American Veterinary Medical Association all hold similar positions. The heated debate over Breed-specific Legislation (BSL) carries a lot of emotion for many people. This act would ban new pit bulls from coming into the city, while pit bulls that were already there could stay with very strict restrictions. A heavy and muscular neck? The time and money spent enforcing BSL means less time and money is spent on enforcing better alternatives to keeping a community safe. Breed specific regulations may alleviate the anxieties of those who are particularly concerned about the reputation of particular dog breeds. Many experts have also observed that public perceptions of which breeds are most dangerous have changed throughout the decades. Breed-specific legislation. The exact nature of breed-specific legislation designed to ban or restrict certain types of dogs varies from one venue to another. A study published by the Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances found that owner behavior has a direct impact on dog aggression and personality (“Factors Links to Dominance Aggression in Dogs.” Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances. Enforcing laws that punish “the deed, not the breed” ensures that communities stay safe and individuals can enjoy their choice of breed and the best pet for their lifestyle. American Veterinary Society of Animal Behavior. Essential info about dog health, training, sports and more. You could say that this was a sequel to the first programme that was aired three years ago regarding the health and welfare of Pedigree Dogs. Some city/municipal governments have enacted breed-specific laws. Larkin said volunteers with Citizens Against Breed Specific Legislation helped many people register to vote during their public outreach and awareness events. Third, BSL provides a false sense of security. It was first conceived as a method of controlling and reducing animal cruelty, as well as mitigating the occurrence of dog-related human injuries and the illegal activities of dog-fighting and related crimes. "The ban as not going to do anything to change bad dog owners, backyard breeders and animal abusers. AKC actively advocates for responsible dog ownership and is dedicated to advancing dog sports. Breed-specific legislation (BSL) is a law or ordinance that regulates or completely bans the keeping of dogs of or presumed to be specific breeds, dogs presumed to be specific breeds and/or dogs which are or presumed to be mixes of one or more of those breeds. Simply put, a "breed specific" law, regulation, case, prosecution or anything else is one that is based on the breed of a particular dog, as opposed to the conduct of the specific dog. There is no such problem, they say. Residents have spoken — pit bulls will not be banned in Springfield. Two days ago there was another helping of a Documentary called "Pedigree Dogs Exposed - Three Years On". The Problem with Breed Specific Legislation. Our position on breed specific legislation is not unique. It is discrimination against people. Support for these laws is based on the misconception that pit bulls are more dangerous and prone to aggression than other dog breeds. The exact nature of breed-specific legislation designed to ban or restrict certain types of dogs varies from one venue to another. In many countries throughout the world, attempts to bring down the number of dog bites have included measures taken … Breed specific legislation is not a practicable approach to regulation of dogs. 8(2): 336-342, 2009). Council originally passed the ban in a 5-4 vote in October. • Breed-specific legislation has been shown to be difficult to apply due to the problem of defining breeds and breed types. These are passed in response to data that shows that certain dogs are more liable to dog bites and animal attacks than others. More: All Springfield dogs would have to be licensed with the city, proposal says. This kind of legislation has generated a great deal of controversy. Skip to main content. BSL and breed bans are not only ineffective, but expensive, and harmful to everyone involved. generating public controversy and fear in relation to dog bites and serious and fatal attacks on humans: the pit bull terrier. Such laws are usually enacted when it is believed a certain breed of dog is especially dangerous and poses a public welfare risk. Some feel that banning a breed is like human racial discrimination. In the summer of 2017, two toddlers and their mother were mauled by a neighbor's pit bulls. Answer a few simple questions and find the right dog for you, Compare up to 5 different breeds side by side, Browse the AKC Marketplace to find the right puppy for you, Browse our extensive library of dog names for inspiration, Find out the best and worst foods for your dog and which to avoid, Responsible Dog Owners of the Western States, visit the Breed-Specific Legislation Key Issues page, iy_2021; im_01; id_11; ih_18; imh_24; i_epoch:1610418272482, py_2021; pm_01; pd_11; ph_15; pmh_33; p_epoch:1610407986212, link-block-publisher; link-block-publisher_link-block-publisher; bodystr, pn_tstr:Mon Jan 11 15:33:06 PST 2021; pn_epoch:1610407986212. In terms of Breed Bias, this refers to the bias against certain dog breeds. They feel that dogs attack people who deserve it for one reason or another. About 68 percent of people voted "no" on Springfield's Question 1, preliminary election results show. Empirical data confirms that not only average citizens, but even animal care professionals, cannot identify breeds by appearance. Lynn advocates such legislation and lists on her website more than 700 localities in the United States that have some form of breed-specific law. BSL is a slippery slope that can affect any breed of dog. The City of Kearney, Missouri, for example, only requires a dog to meet five of the eight characteristics on their checklist before they are banned from the city. An Oklahoma state senator introduced SB 32, which would allow breed-specific legislation, as it would ban certain dog breeds. Other studies, including one from the United States Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC), support the premise that any dog can be exploited and trained to be aggressive, and when specific breeds are regulated, offenders will switch to unregulated breeds to exploit. Statutes and Ordinances Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) is defined as a law or statute that equates the qualities of a dangerous dog with a certain breed, and bans or restricts certain breeds based on identity, not behavior of a specific animal. The wolfdog has been the center of controversy for much of its history, and most breed-specific legislation is either the result of the animal's perceived danger or its categorization as protected native wildlife. Uniformly enforced animal control laws will force all owners, regardless of the breed of dog they own, to be responsible animal owners while also preventing irresponsible owners from simply turning to a different breed. Second, BSL is extremely costly to the community. "Women" in the Ancient World: A Selected Bibliography (2nd edition: 8240 entries) Breed-specific legislation refers to all laws that seek to restrict or eliminate ownership of certain animal breeds, most often dog breeds. The heated debate over Breed-specific Legislation (BSL) carries a lot of emotion for many people. Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) affects everyone. A rottweiler- like many of the dogs categorized as having genetic vicious tendencies- in reality, is a very lovable dog with a natural instinct to protect those that he loves. A common criticism of breed-specific legislation is that trying to determine a dog’s breed based on appearance is inherently problematic and that the category of “pit bull” is itself arbitrary and overly broad. Feel free to post us your opinions using the form below and we will place it on the site! Breed-Specific Legislation regulates and enforces laws that prevent people from owning certain breeds in certain states and cities. Mahatma Gandhi. Dog breed bans and other forms of breed discriminatory legislation force many people to give up their beloved pets. Approximately 550 jurisdictions in the United States have enacted breed-specific legislation … Finally, this part introduces the two most common types of laws regulating ownership of dangerous dogs---dangerous-dog laws and breed-specific legislation-and explores the constitutional challenges confronting each. When BSL is implemented in a community, the shelter costs for that community increase when residents are forced to abandon household pets of the targeted breeds at shelters. She was concerned that a Fifth Estate episode on whether pit bulls should be banned was biased and cherry-picked data and information. Whether even an expert can adequately identify a mixed breed dog is itself subject to controversy. However, the seemingly high numbers of pit bull attacks … Due to the successful petition effort, the implementation of the proposal was suspended until the voters could decide whether they wanted to ban pit bulls in Springfield. Because adoptable dogs of the targeted breed cannot be adopted out, they are generally euthanized at the shelter at public expense. My school project - an short introspective about the controversy surrounding Pit bulls and Breed Specific Legislation. Breed specific legislation essentially bans, restricts or imposes conditions on the ownership of certain breeds of dogs, typically those breeds that presumably pose the greatest risk of dog bite injury. A smooth and short coat? Our position on breed specific legislation is not unique. We hope this page helps to provoke some thought on a few of these controversial issues. But it certainly would (create) a lot of pain for responsible dog owners who believe their dogs are part of their family.". It is also very difficult for public officials to enforce such provisions in a fair and effective manner. Springfield's ordinance defines "pit bull dogs" as any dog "that is an American Pit Bull Terrier, American Staffordshire Terrier, Staffordshire Bull Terrier, or any dog displaying the majority of physical traits of any one or more of the above breeds, or any dog exhibiting those distinguishing characteristics which substantially conform to the standards established by the American Kennel Club or United Kennel Club for any of the above breeds.". "A lot of people who came to the polls came to vote on this very issue," she said. © The American Kennel Club, Inc. 2020. One City Council committee has discussed the possibility of requiring all dog owners to register, vaccinate and microchip their pets, regardless of breed. Although there have been many studies on the effectiveness of BSL, there is no evidence to support the notion that some breeds of dogs are more inherently dangerous than others or that banning ownership of certain breeds lowers the bite rate. In 2006 that number surpassed the previous year. Recent pit bull controversy highlights breed-specific laws December 19, 2014 Jacob Bielanski Government , News 0 Officials in St. Charles Parish defend their own restrictions on pit bulls after national pressure forced the town of Moreauville to repeal its own ordinance banning anyone from owning the breed. What Problems Prompted BSL? Despite the Tuesday defeat of the ban, Springfield's more than decade-old restrictions on pit bulls remain. https://www.akc.org/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php, https://www.akc.org/subscription/thank-you. A. Worldwide, the breeds of dogs banned or restricted is also surprising. (DOGS/DOG BREED DISCRIMINATION) Pit bulls have been the target of breed-specific legislation for years despite evidence claiming such laws do not diminish the number of overall dog attacks. Specific Purpose Statement: To invite my audience to explore the advantages, disadvantages, and the alternatives associated with breed specific legislation. Breed Specific Legislation is a term used to ban a dog breed.This is, in theory to limit dog attacks. According to the organization Responsible Dog Owners of the Western States, there are currently 75 banned or restricted breeds … A spokeswoman said the legislation falsely led people to believe that non-prohibited types of dogs were safe. Position Paper: Nature vs. Nurture The controversy of nature vs. nurture has been going on for many years, and a decision has not yet been 689 Words | 3 Pages . While proponents have good intentions in trying to protect their communities from dangerous dogs, breed-specific bans ultimately punish responsible dog owners, while doing very little to actually punish irresponsible owners. However, the problem will not be solved by the “quick fix” of such breed-discriminatory laws. This money could be used more efficiently by addressing the root cause of the problem- irresponsible dog ownership. • Breed-specific legislation engenders a false and dangerous perception that breeds not included will not show aggression. Empirical data confirms that not only average citizens, but even animal care professionals, cannot identify breeds by appearance. For example, a law that states, "All pit bulls shall be muzzled when upon public property" is breed specific. The study of approximately 50 purebred breeds concluded that the time an owner spends caring for and training a dog is inversely correlated to the level of aggressive behavior the dog exhibits. Additionally, in 2003, Italy had a list of 92 banned and restricted breeds, a list that included the Bearded Collie and Corgi, until policymakers came to the realization that it is more effective to hold the owner than the breed responsible for the actions of a specific dog. Kathleen Larkin, a member of Citizens Against Breed Specific Legislation who helped organize efforts to defeat the ban, said she was not surprised by … Breed-specific legislation means that there is a law restricting a specific breed in some way. According to the Best Friends Animal Society, Prince George’s County, Maryland spends more than $250,000 annually to enforce their pit bull ban. Breed-specific legislation is an area of considerable controversy that would benefit from long-term evaluation studies in which data from surrounding unlegislated areas are used for comparative purposes. One of the major criticisms of the breed ban was that "pit bulls" are broadly defined. The outright controversial legislation and BSL ban target Pit Bulls and many other breeds. A broad chest? of the controversies currently surrounding the topic of “breed” bans, also know as “pit bull bans” or “breed–specific legislation” (BSL). Breed specific regulation is very controversial and difficult to administer. In Bermuda, you will need to take extra precautions if you plan to walk your Australian Cattle Dog or Bouvier des Flanders in public. In the 1970s, Doberman Pinschers were singled out. Few breeds inspire as much emotion as the pit bull. 25 This type of legislation does not make concessions for those members of the breed who are valuable assets to their communities, such as therapy dogs, assistance dogs, or advanced trained dogs such as drug dogs and search and rescue dogs. This begs the question, will your breed be next? Breed Specific (Selective) Legislation (BSL) laws regard certain breeds of domesticated animals as dangerous. Andrea Roach, one of the founders of Citizens Against Breed Specific Legislation, said, "Thank you to the people of Springfield and all the volunteers and donors who helped save dogs' lives today. In 2005 the AKC tracked 106 breed-specific measures that were adverse to purebred dogs. The wolfdog has been the center of controversy for much of its history, and most breed-specific legislation is either the result of the animal's perceived danger or its categorization as protected native wildlife. BSL identifies a dog as … States and municipalities across the country have considered—and, in some cases, enacted—breed-specific legislation designed to protect the public against dog bites.18 Commonly, these statutes and ordinances have banned, or A cursory look at history shows that the pervasive trend in anti-dog legislation is no longer a problem peculiar to just the large cities. Regulation defining acceptable dog behavior is probably a more practical approach to controlling this growing problem than breed specific legislation. Once revered as loving “nanny dogs,” pit bulls have lost their favored status of late. For more information and talking points on this issue, visit the Breed-Specific Legislation Key Issues page in the AKC Government Relations Legislative Action Center. This is why the controversy over breed-specific legislation has increased in recent years. According to the organization Responsible Dog Owners of the Western States, there are currently 75 banned or restricted breeds in the United States. Working together, we can ensure that every loving pet — … Simply put, a "breed specific" law, regulation, case, prosecution or anything else is one that is based on the breed of a particular dog, as opposed to the conduct of the specific dog. Controversy over breed-specific legislation continues despite compelling evidence which indicates that breed-specific legislation does not reduce dog bite frequency, and that the enforcement of breed-specific laws is both impractical and not cost-effective. Breed-Specific Health Strategies: By breed, nationally and internationally. Thesis: Breed specific legislation is a controversial topic in which I am very interested and would like to explore both sides of the issue to perhaps learn something new. Some are those who have suffered the terrifying experience of a dog attack while others are dealing with the hurtful discrimination of their loving furry family members. Breed Specific Legislation Wednesday, 29 February 2012. Does your dog have almond shaped eyes? The aim of this study was to identify both the level and source of knowledge that dog owners in the UK have of the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991. In order to acquire such information a questionnaire was designed and distributed using two main methods over a period of five months. Founded in 1884, the AKC is the recognized and trusted expert in breed, health, and training information for dogs. And in Ireland, you must be 16 years of age and have your dog muzzled if you plan on taking your Rhodesian Ridgeback off your property. Kathleen Larkin, a member of Citizens Against Breed Specific Legislation who helped organize efforts to defeat the ban, said she was not surprised by the outcome. On Tuesday, voters chose to overturn a controversial ban on pit bulls, which would have grandfathered in current pets but not allowed any new ones. If you said yes to these questions, then congratulations, you own a “pit bull” …At least according to the City and County of San Francisco’s Department of Animal Care and Control. Dog and Breed-Specific Legislation During the year of 2001 Washington D.C. created the Pit Bull Public Protection Act. Or can we finally put the responsibility for dangerous dogs where it really  belongs—on irresponsible owners regardless of breed. Breed Specific Legislation targets dogs that look a certain way, rather than dogs who act a certain way, and is used as a “preventative measure”, rather than a consequence for actions. Jan 23, 2018; The complainant, April Fahr, is the Director of Education and Advocacy for the HugABull Advocacy & Rescue Society. (DOGS/DOG BREED DISCRIMINATION) Pit bulls have been the target of breed-specific legislation for years despite evidence claiming such laws do not diminish the number of overall dog attacks. In fact, the American Kennel Club, the American Veterinary Medical Association, the National Animal Control Association, the American Bar Association, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, and a host of other respected national organizations oppose BSL and recognize the inequities and inherent fallacies of such laws. First and foremost, it is difficult to enforce. Introduction of BSL is most common after a tragic attack or bite incident. Likewise, other municipalities and counties may require an … In fact, AKC does not recognize the “pit bull” as a specific breed. However, within a month, more than 7,800 people signed a petition, circulated by a local group called Citizens Against BSL, in an effort to stop the ban. Support for these laws is based on the misconception that pit bulls are more dangerous and prone to aggression than other dog breeds.. ", All Springfield dogs would have to be licensed with the city, proposal says, Your California Privacy Rights/Privacy Policy. In the 80s, German Shepherds targeted. Breed-Specific Legislation Still Exists. In some areas, regulated breeds also include a variety of other dogs like American Bulldogs, Rottweilers, Mastiffs, Dalmatians, Chow Chows, German Shepherds, Doberman Pinschers or any mix of these breeds—and dogs who simply resemble these … None of those are in Virginia. One of the unfortunate results of breed stereotypes, misinformation, and irresponsible ownership is breed-specific legislation, also known as breed discriminatory bans.For canine regulation, it is important to understand the differences between the two major forms of regulation - breed-specific legislation (BSL) and breed-neutral legislation (BNL). A common criticism of breed-specific legislation is that trying to determine a dog’s breed based on appearance is inherently problematic and that the category of “pit bull” is itself arbitrary and overly broad. “Breed-specific” legislation is the term for laws that regulate or ban certain breeds completely. The Problem With Breed Specific Legislation The time has arrived, many say, for restricting the presence of- and even eliminating- certain breeds of dogs. This may involve anything from a specific dog breed needing to wear a muzzle in public or requiring certain breeds to be spayed or neutered. 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