After the death of Mary, he married in 1677 Jean Pringle and by her had a daughter (Janet). [91][92], Neither Guthrie Smith nor Buchanan of Auchmar identify him as a chief (hence why John Buchanan is the last recognised chief); however, Buchanan of Auchmar advises that John Buchanan transferred "his estate to an old comrade of his, Major George Grant, Governor of Dumbarton castle, with this provision, that the Major should marry his eldest daughter, and assume the name and arms of Buchanan; reserving his own life-rent and his lady's jointure, and settling the estate so as to return to Buchanan's heirs-male, and, failing heirs of Grant's own body, to Buchanan's heirs whatsoever ." Often these were families that lived on lands owned by a clan chief, swore allegiance to a chief for protection or were relatives of the chief. John Buchanan, Royalist soldier captured at Worchester. A good example is Clan Gunn, hailing from the lands of Caithness and Sutherland in the far NE of Scotland. Released.[44][45]. If the heir presumptive produces no heirs, then on the heir presumptive's death the office and title goes to the next younger son, etc., then eldest daughter, etc. [111] John Hamilton Buchanan (1861–1919) married in 1884 Phoebe Elizabeth Brock but appears to have left no heir. Gilbert Buchanan, Glasgow, banished to the Indies, 13 Jun 1678. is the senior representative of the cadet branch of the chiefly line known as Buchanan of Leny, and that the remaining cadet branches of the chiefly line; namely Buchanan of Auchmar and Buchanan of Spittall, are extinct in law and in fact. Robertson’s Index for Charters of Sovereigns of Scotland, cited in Nimo, William. Sir Maurice Buchanan 10th of Buchanan married Margaret Menteth (also spelt Menteith). LXXII, 6th series, Vol XII (1938) pages 84-111. [90] Thus by the Court of the Lord Lyon, a Moodie-Buchanan is consider a Buchanan but a Buchanan-Moodie is considered a Moodie. [108] It is noteworthy that John was named John Hamilton Buchanan, thus the Hamilton name adopted by his grandfather became John's middle name. Sir George commanded the Stirlingshire Regiment in the Civil Wars of Charles I, fought at the battle of Dunbar, and was taken prisoner at Inverkeithing. This practice has given rise to the use of compound (hyphenated or ‘double-barrelled’) names. p 396. W. & A. K. Johnston Limited. [107] James Buchanan sold the right of redemption for the estate of Auchmar. Clan Colquhoun. [21], During the reign of Donald Mormaer (Earl) of Lennox (1333–1365), and confirmed by the king David II in 1370/71, "Confirmation is of charter by Donald, Earl of Lennox, in favour of Maurice Buchanan, son and heir of late Maurice Buchanan, of that carucate of land called Buchanan with Sallochy, with these bounds ie Akehin up to Aldmarr [Auchmar] just as it descends below the water of Hanerch [Endrick], and the land of Sallochy, with these bounds, from Sallochy all along to Kelg and then it descends to the water of Lochlomon [Loch Lomond], to hold in fee and with the freedom to hold as many courts with jurisdiction of life and limb as he may wish. Future Septs Because the Lennox ‘family’ around the world is not large, to promote interest and activity in the clan, the Lennox Chief has indicated a willingness to consider accepting family groups with historical connections to Scotland as contemporary septs of his clan… Similar to the Buchanan of Auchmar claim, this implies that any cadet lines from Walter 14th of Buchanan through to John 19th of Buchanan are extinguished. The essay deals specifically with four “approved” Septs of the Clan: Buchanan, McAuslan, McWattie and Risk, and both the Royal Charter of the Society and its Constitution restrict membership to those … Arrested before battle of Culloden for stockpiling weapons. Secondly the office and title is implicitly linked to the surname, thus a McKay, a Cairns, etc. The Lord Lyon was satisfied that the petitioner: The reputed burial ground of the chiefs of Clan Buchanan is in the grounds of the Old Buchanan Parish Church 56°04′06″N 4°29′04″W / 56.068286°N 4.484356°W / 56.068286; -4.484356. Others can derive from an occupation, such as Harper or Rusk (a tanner) in service to a chief. The name Buchan is also considered a sept of the Clan … 19th – John Buchanan,[78][79][80] (Guthrie Smith identifies him as 15th Chief and Buchanan of Auchmar identifies him as 22nd Chief) married in 1653 Mary Erskine and by her a daughter (Elizabeth). [108], With the expiration of the Auchmar cadet line and in the absence of other contenders, it is claimed that in 1828 that Dr. Francis Buchanan-Hamilton of Spittal, Bardowie, and Leny established his claim as Chief of Clan Buchanan. [124] CBSI uses the coat of arms granted by the Lyon Court in 2002 on its official correspondence; however, it uses a self-assumed coat of arms which predate the granted arms on its flag, which is called the Black Lion Banner. [36][37] These four sons were among the founding members of the charity, The Buchanan Society of Glasgow. McDonnell, Frances (2009) "Jacobites of Perthshire, 1745", p 4-5, Genealogical Publishing Com, Baltimore. Sir John was imprisoned by king Robert I but in 1314 "through influence of his sons-in-law; Malice, Earl of Strathern; Sir Archibald Campbell, of Lochow; and Maurice Buchanan, of Buchanan, he was released immediately before the Battle of Bannockburn, where he deported himself valiantly on the part of the Scottish king. Before addressing the claims to chiefship it is necessary to establish how the office and title of chief is passed to succeeding generations in Scotland. The chief of a Highland clan could be referred to as the ‘Laird of’, meaning the head of the clan (a patrimonial title),[62] e.g. [45][49], 8) John Buchanan, in Stuart of Appin's Regiment, died in prison. Waugh, John and Mounsey, George Gill (1846) "Carlisle in 1745: authentic account of the occupation of Carlisle in 1745 by Prince Charles Edward Stewart", p257, Longman and Co, London. Buchanan of Auchmar and Guthrie Smith commence their respective numbering of Chiefs at a different person, and describe a different order and number of Chiefs following Sir Walter 11th of Buchanan. Hallen, A.W. The Buchanan family, being very small and of questionable heritage, gained legitimacy and protection; the Campbell clan … [39] Despite George Grant never marrying the daughter of John Buchanan, National Archives of Scotland (NAS) records show the legal paperwork for this transfer occurred on 9 Apr 1679. See Reports of cases decide in the Court of the Lord Lyon, Scots Law Times 1965, Scott, Sir Walter (1830) ‘‘Tales of a grandfather; being stories taken from Scottish history‘‘, 3rd Series, p 324, Cadell and Co., Edinburgh, John Heneage Jesse, The Pretenders and Their Adherents: Memoirs of the Chevalier, Prince Charles Edward, and Their Adherents, Volume 2, 1864, p259, Richard Bentley, London, A D. Fillan, Stories, traditionary and romantic, of the two rebellions in Scotland in 1715 and 1745, 1849, p265, Richard Bentley, London. “Since the early part of the 20th century, the Buchanan Clan … The cadet branches is order of separation from the chiefly line: Auchneven, Leny, Arnprior, Spital, and Auchmar. Buchanan of Auchmar cites Dec 1682, Guthrie Smith cites before 6 September 1681, and National Archives of Scotland have a legal document prepared for John Buchanan's signature dated 28 August 1680 but it is unsigned, and a separated document of the same date is signed by George Buchanan of that Ilk. [127], The sept masterson was Irish, the Scottish sept of Buchanan is spelt Masterton. As a unified entity, Clan Buchanan took no part in the Jacobite uprisings of 1715 to 1716 or the 1745 to 1746 uprising. Alexander Buchanan. He is referred to as 'clericus meus', meaning 'my clergyman'. The first six Clan Chiefs are poorly represented in historical records and are included by some Clan historians and omitted by others. John Buchanan was unwilling to receive his inheritance until his brother-in-law to be, David Erskine, 2nd Lord Cardross, arranged for creditors to accept as payment only a portion of what was owed (a composition). [10][11] For his services against the Danes he is traditionally said to have received the lands of Buchanan from king Malcolm II which lie to the east of Loch Lomond around the village of Killearn. In part this is due to the heir apparent not succeeding to the chiefship before he dies and chiefship passing directly from grandfather to grandchild. 7th – Anselan McCausland,[67][66] (Guthrie Smith identifies him as the 7th Laird of Buchanan and commences his numbering of Chiefs from him.) Firstly, the office and title is usually passed patrilineally (from father to child) in descending order of male birth then descending order of female birth, hence the oldest surviving son is the heir presumptive. 10th – Sir Maurice Buchanan,[17][69] (Guthrie Smith identifies him as 4th Chief and Buchanan of Auchmar identifies him as 10th Chief) lived to a considerable age, married the daughter of Sir William Menteith of Rusk and by her a son and successor (Walter). [50], 9) John Buchanan, in Gordon of Glenbuckett's Regiment, from Inverness-shire, assumed died at Culloden. Edinburgh and London. Joined the Jacobites in the Duke of Perth's Regiment and went with them to Crieff. In fact it was a recent client of mine who was a part of a sept of Clan Gunn that sparked the idea for this article! He also had an illegitimate son (Patrick). "The Scottish Clans and Their Tartans". 12th – Sir Walter Buchanan,[71][24] (Guthrie Smith identifies him as 6th Chief and Buchanan of Auchmar identifies him as 13th Chief) first married an unidentified women and by her three sons (Patrick his successor and Walter [72] Drumikill and Carbeth) and one daughter. Gaelic Name:Cononach 2. 13th – Patrick Buchanan,[73][74] (Guthrie Smith identifies him as 7th Chief and Buchanan of Auchmar identifies him as 14th Chief) married Jonet Cunningham of Galbraith and by her a son (Walter his successor) and a daughter (Anabella). [111] Dr. Francis Buchanan-Hamilton (1762–1829) married Anne Brock and by her a son (John). View Buchanan family . Other castles and monuments of the Clan Buchanan have included: Craigend Castle and Dunglass Castle (Dunbartonshire); Northbar House (Renfrewshire); and the Buchanan Monument at Killearn. ArmsOr, a lion rampant Sable, armed and langued Gules, within a double tressure flory counterflory of the Second. (Descendants of Thomas Buchanan of Gartencaber were excluded from consideration because the C15th documents that purport to link him to the chiefly line were demonstrated to be forgeries. It has supported many a promising youth of the Buchanan Clan or its septs through college to a useful career in the world, and the amount of solid good that it has done in the couple of centuries since it … (1985) "The Prince and the Pretender: A Study in the Writing of History," p80, Croom Helm Ltd., Beckenham. Subsequent condition unknown. 1) Alexander Buchanan, born 1728, son of the Laird of Auchleishie, Callander, Perthshire, Stirlingshire, Jacobite Captain in the Duke of Perth's Regiment, prisoner at Perth, Canongate, Carlisle, ship, and London; transported 22 Apr 1747 from Liverpool to the Colony of Maryland on the ship "Johnson",[41][42][43], 2) John Buchanan, servant to Alexander Buchanan, resident of Auchterarder, Perthshire, Jacobite in the Duke of Perth's Regiment, prisoner at Auchterarder, Stirling, and Carlisle; transported 24 Feb 1747 on the ship "Gildart" to the Colony of Maryland. p 18, Buchanan, Arthur William Patrick (1929) "Later Leaves of the Buchanan Book," p223, E. Garand, Buchanan, Andrew Hamilton and Buchanan, Neal Harkness (1995) "Andrew Buchanan of Chingford 1807–1877," p223, Hazard Press Ltd, Christchurch. Firstly to Robert Buchanan, Advocate (the son of John Buchanan of Arnprior), and secondly to Major George Grant (details in a following section). 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